Loose anagen syndrome is a medical condition in which the growing hairs or anagen hairs have an abnormal morphology, causing them to be painlessly and easily removed from the scalp. Anagen hairs are the fraction of the hair on the scalp that are supposed to be firmly rooted in the hair follicle. Loose anagen hairs can also be found in normal scalps also, but the condition is only known as loose anagen syndrome in case more than 50% of the hairs are loose anagen hairs. Loose anagen syndrome presents itself in the following clinical manifestations.
- Type A Loose Anagen Syndrome – This type of LAS is characterised by decreased hair density all over the scalp.
- Type B Loose Anagen Syndrome – This type of LAS is characterised by unruly hair which has a frizzy, fine appearance.
- Type C Loose Anagen Syndrome – This type of LAS is characterised by normal looking hair that sheds excessively.
How is loose anagen treatment diagnosed?
Loose anagen syndrome is a disorder of the structure of the root of hair. Therefore, diagnosing it must be done after confirming the morphological features of the hair root and shaft. This can be done using the following diagnostic methods.
- Hair pull test – Patients with LAH experience a very high number of pulled out hairs upon doing a hair pull test. No pain is experienced upon the hair uprooting from the scalp.
- Hair pull trichogram – Hairs are uprooted from the scalp and examined. Loose anagen hairs tend to have a distorted root and a ‘ruffled sock’ appearance. The bulb of the hair is often bent, and at an acute angle to the shaft of the hair.
- Histopathology – A biopsy of the hair root carried out after a scalp biopsy can give diagnostic evidence which confirms the presence of loose anagen syndrome.
Know more about Loose anagen Syndrome:
Loose anagen syndrome, as the name suggests, is a condition wherein growing hairs loosen up inside the follicle and are susceptible to extensive falling and plucking without much pressure. It results in extensive thinning of hair with remaining hair growth occurring in only the nape of the neck. Essentially, hair growth is divided into three stages-
- Anagen (growth phase, during which hair grow at the rate of 1.25 cm per month)
- Catagen (transitional phase, during which the follicle condenses to 1/6th its original size pushing up the hair shaft)
- Telogen (resting phase, during which the follicle remains dormant for 3-4 months and no hair growth happens)
At any given point, 10-15% of hairs on a person’s head remains in telogen phase and are most likely to enter the shedding phase. As soon as a telogen hair is shed, new hair shaft emerges from the same follicle as it enters the anagen phase. Thus normally, healthy growing hairs in anagen phase are not expected to loosen up or shed.
Before you can seek Loose Anagen Syndrome treatment, it is important to conduct a differential diagnosis and determine the cause of hair fall and hair thinning. Symptoms of loose anagen syndrome include-
- Fine, thin hair growing all over the scalp
- Hair susceptible to getting pulled out even on application of gentle pressure
- Intermittent alopecia without any symptoms of inflammation or scarring
- Hair overlying the occupit being rough and sticky
- Generally lacklustre and dull appearance of hair at varying lengths.
The condition is more commonly observed in females, than in males with the onset happening between the ages of 2-5 years. Adult loose anagen syndrome is a rarely found condition and has to be differentially diagnosed from Telogen effluvium, Alopecia areata, Tinea capitis, Lupus erythematosus and Trichotillomania. Firm pull test and microscopic examination of hair bulb can reveal the presence of loose anagen syndrome.
Loose anagen hair treatment tends to be conservative. In many cases, loose anagen hair treatment is not necessary as the loose anagen hair resolves itself with age. Topical application of minoxidil has also been prescribed as loose anagen hair treatment to patients experiencing the condition. Minoxidil may succeed in prolonging the anagen phase of the hair, and result in the hair being anchored in the follicle better. Loose anagen hair treatment and diagnosis must be sought from a qualified dermatologist or trichologist so that condition can be accurately identified and treated.
Get the best Loose Anagen Syndrome treatment at QR678.com. We specialize in hair care, corrective and cosmetic procedures for managing all hair related conditions. Although it is difficult to externally treat loose anagen syndrome treatment, it is generally considered as a temporary condition which gets better with ageing. The condition can be managed by improvement in nutrition and hair care.