Mesotherapy is a widely accepted treatment for hair loss in both men and women. The treatment is minimally invasive and is considered as a highly effective alternative hair treatment option. Unlike Minoxidil (Rogaine), which has around 50% chance of success at restoring hair growth, mesotherapy is known to have success rate above 90%. But before considering mesotherapy for treating hair loss, it is important to understand what the treatment is, how it works and which conditions can be treated using this therapy.
What is Mesotherapy?
Mesotherapy derives its name from the fact that it is administered over the localized mesoderm layer of the scalp to treat hair conditions like pattern baldness, hair thinning and hair patch loss. Hair follicles which are responsible for hair growth are located in this mesoderm layer of the scalp. A cocktail of hormones, medicines, growth factors and active ingredients is microinjected superficially into the mesoderm of scalp. The active ingredients used in mesotherapy are Acetyl tetrapeptide-3 & Biochanin A. Stem cells, Platelet rich plasma and growth factors in QR678 treatment are also injected through the mesotherapy process.
Active Ingredients of Mesotherapy
The active ingredients used in Mesotherapy can be customized by the dermatologist, depending upon the differential diagnosis conducted to determine the cause of hair loss. The two most common active ingredients have diverse impact on hair follicles and act uniquely to restore hair growth.
- Acetyl tetrapeptide-3: This compound readily reduces inflammation of scalp, modulates DHT and stimulates anchoring proteins present in the extra cellular matrix. It initiates remodeling of the tissue present in hair follicles, increasing their size to promote hair growth.
- Biochanin A: This active ingredient is an iso-flavone which is extracted from red clover. It is an organic compound which naturally occurs as a flavonoid. Although commonly used to treat various inflammatory conditions, in mesotherapy this compound is used to modulate conversion of testosterone to DHT. This is a powerful way to treat androgenic alopecia which causes baldness.
- For advanced stages of baldness, wherein hair follicles have to be completely resuscitated with stem cells, Platelet Rich Plasma or PRP and QR678 growth factors, mesotherapy is used to administer the superficial mesoderm injections.
How Mesotherapy works?
Mesotherapy has a two level action which stops hair loss and restores hair growth –
- Mechanical action: As the medication or active ingredients are injected directly into the scalp using microinjections, the therapy itself includes mechanical stimulation of scalp skin. The needle superficially creates micro perforations on the desired portion of the scalp, in turn initiating a healing process. Collagen and Elastin are resultantly produced in the mesoderm, which boosts the existing collagen levels. This effectively checks hair fall and reinvigorates hair follicles.
- Chemical action: This second level of action in mesotherapy expedites the hair re-growth process. The active ingredients in the injection are decided based on the cause of baldness or hair thinning. So a patient suffering from hair loss due to poor blood circulation will be injected with vasodilator (like coumarin). Whereas a patient suffering from excessive inflammation on scalp due to alopecia will get injected with organic silicon which is an anti-inflammatory medicine. These chemicals further cause the activated hair follicles to induce hair growth.
The high success rate of mesotherapy can be credited to this dual action which is missing in any other therapy or treatment.
For best results, minimum 10 session of mesotherapy treatment are required to stimulate and sustain hair growth. The frequency of the treatment can start from bi-monthly and can eventually become less frequent. Depending upon the extent of hair loss or baldness, a single session of mesotherapy can last anywhere between 10 to 30 minutes. No anesthesia is administered before the procedure. As it is a minimally invasive procedure, it is administered while the patient sits comfortably in the dermatologist’s office.
Proven to be more successful than topical medicines and oral medications to treat hair loss, mesotherapy is an affordable alternative to surgical hair treatments.